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New York: Oxford University Press, , Grabowski, H. Vernon, and J. Harris, Seymour Edwin. The Economics of American Medicine. Howell, Joel D. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, Posted on May 25, Author Charlie Rosenblum.
From , U. So why is this important? And why does this matter?
- What this page is about.
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For example, the availability and accessibility of public transportation affects access to employment, affordable healthy foods, health care, and other important drivers of health and wellness. Nutrition programs and policies can also promote health, for example, by supporting healthier corner stores in low-income communities, 7 farm to school programs 8 and community and school gardens, and through broader efforts to support the production and consumption of healthy foods. It engages diverse partners and stakeholders to work together to promote health, equity, and sustainability, and simultaneously advance other goals such as promoting job creation and economic stability, transportation access and mobility, a strong agricultural system, and improved educational attainment.
States and localities are utilizing the Health in All Policies approach through task forces and workgroups focused on bringing together leaders across agencies and the community to collaborate and prioritize a focus on health and health equity. Place-based initiatives focus on implementing cross-sector strategies to improve health in neighborhoods or communities with poor health outcomes. HCZ seeks to improve the educational, economic, and health outcomes of the community through a broad range of family-based, social service, and health programs.
These include multi-payer federal and state initiatives, Medicaid initiatives led by states or by health plans, as well as provider-level activities focused on identifying and addressing the non-medical, social needs of their patients.
The model provides funding to test whether systematically identifying and addressing the health-related social needs of Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries through screening, referral, and community navigation services will affect health costs and reduce inpatient and outpatient utilization. In , CMMI awarded 32 grants to organizations to participate in the model over a five-year period.
Twelve awardees will provide navigation services to assist high-risk beneficiaries with accessing community services and 20 awardees will encourage partner alignment to ensure that community services are available and responsive to the needs of enrollees. Through the CMMI State Innovation Models Initiative SIM , a number of states are engaged in multi-payer delivery and payment reforms that include a focus on population health and recognize the role of social determinants.
SIM is a CMMI initiative that provides financial and technical support to states for the development and testing of state-led, multi-payer health care payment and service delivery models that aim to improve health system performance, increase quality of care, and decrease costs. As part of the second round of SIM grant awards, states are required to develop a statewide plan to improve population health.
States that received Round 2 grants are pursuing a variety of approaches to identify and prioritize population health needs; link clinical, public health, and community-based resources; and address social determinants of health. A number of delivery and payment reform initiatives within Medicaid include a focus on linking health care and social needs. In many cases, these efforts are part of the larger multi-payer SIM models noted above and may be part of Section Medicaid demonstration waivers. Several other state Medicaid programs have launched Accountable Care Organization ACO models that often include population-based payments or total cost of care formulas, which may provide incentives for providers to address the broad needs of Medicaid beneficiaries, including the social determinants of health.
DSRIP initiatives link Medicaid funding for eligible providers to process and performance metrics, which may involve addressing social needs and factors. The state also has invested significant state dollars outside of its DSRIP waiver in housing stock to ensure that a better supply of appropriate housing is available. Medicaid programs also are providing broader services to support health through the health homes option established by the ACA. Under this option, states can establish health homes to coordinate care for people who have chronic conditions.
Health home services include comprehensive care management, care coordination, health promotion, comprehensive transitional care, patient and family support, as well as referrals to community and social support services. Health home providers can be a designated provider, a team of health professionals linked to a designated provider, or a community health team. A total of 21 states report that health homes were in place in fiscal year By so doing we seek to reinvest the future with the problem of power and understand future expectations and images as results of power struggles between economic actors, markets, states, culture and interests.
Contributions addressing the following thematic strands are particularly welcome although contributions exploring other related questions will be considered :. Anticipations of the future involve a set of tools and calculative technologies, most of them relying on expertise and making use of specific data and inputs, but most of which also have a very specific history. This history can be traced to new forms of future speculation based on computer powered tools and algorithmic reasoning, but also to efforts to reinvent and extend the scope of planning, and not least to new rationalities of governmentality and management profoundly inspired by global corporations facing uncertainties related to an unpredictable process of globalization from the s on.
We encourage papers that explore this situated socio economic and cultural contexts of predictive technologies over time and their link to historic impressions of global space. We are also interested in papers that consider the relationship between the global and local contexts. Forecasting expertise : Which are the groups and actors that produce and use predictive technologies and is there a particular kind of forecasting or future expert? On what forms of epistemological underpinning is such forecasting expertise created and maintained?
How are forms of legitimacy constructed around forms of knowledge that are necessarily of speculative kind, but that can nevertheless be underpinned with complex forms of data and objective representation? The development of foreknowledge or -guessing for regulation emphasizes connections between socio-economics and science and technology studies, and leads to an interrogation on the social and cultural under which expertise is regarded as reliable. Such future visions appear to emanate from specific sites and places, ranging from the World Economic Forum or Wall Street to Silicon Valley.
How are claims as to the coming, often projected as dramatically different, capitalist future constructed and projected? My research interrogates questions of development in the context of globalization, transnational trading networks and labour. More specifically, I focus on the role of nation states in governing labour, and how public regulations interact with lead-firm driven private codes of conduct and civil society initiatives across geographical scales. Another strand of my research explores labour agency, and the evolving strategies adopted by workers in contesting their conditions in global production networks GPNs.
Having secured a large Economic and Social Research Council ESRC grant with colleagues at the University of Manchester, I will advance this agenda by exploring public-private governance dynamics in regional value chains driven by Southern lead firms across sub-Saharan Africa. She is interested in environmental innovations and environmental upgrading, and on the evolution of Italian industrial districts and small and medium sized firms within global value chains. Global value chain GVC analysis has reached a milestone with over twenty years of research. An analytical framework for understanding the global fragmentation of manufacturing and services as key processes of globalization, GVC research has helped us conceptualize and anticipate a variety of im-pacts, opportunities and challenges, posed by global industries on firms, workers, local communities, natural environments and national developmental paths.
A series of forthcoming books on GVCs take stock of the breadth of research conducted thus far and consolidates key contributions, laying a basis for future research into the impact of these global processes on our economies, politics, and societies across scales and geographical locations De Marchi, Di Maria, and Gereffi ; Gereffi, Ponte, and Raj-Reichert ; Gereffi ; Ponte A key characteristic of analytical progression in the GVC domain is its inter-disciplinary openness to research for example in Economic Geography and International Business, amongst others.
We are interested in papers on the following key themes which are innovative in their scope, methods, and ideas. We are particularly interested in inter-disciplinary contributions.
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Papers can be cross-cutting in its thematic focus. Submissions related to the themes are also welcomed. And in the context of Indus-try 4. For example over social and environmental conditions and the enforcement of standards? Her research fields are media sociology and web studies.
Her current research topics cover digital practices, careers of amateurs and professionalization processes. Presses des Mines, Pierre LeQueau is anthropologist, associate professor at the department of sociology accredited to supervise research of University Grenoble-Alpes France. He is research fellow at PACTE and his research interests are technical, cultural and social mediations and new forms of solidarity. He recently organized the international forum for well-being in Grenoble June Olivier Zerbib is associate professor at University Grenoble Alpes Graduate school of management and department of sociology.
His research interests are: the cultural and communicational forms of reflexivity, the effects of cultural eclecticism on digital practices, the hybridization of cultural forms and observable remediations, particularly with regard to public reading, encounter sites and video gaming. By analyzing various digital systems he has sought to better understand the processes of innovation, reception and sharing of digital objects and works.
His current research work focuses on third places and libraries updating and reflecting on works done in the s on the introduction of digital media to the supply of documents and associated practice. Past or ongoing publications reflect these concerns, as well as those relating to reflexivity and innovation in the field of video games first-person shooter or musical video games. The mini-conference focuses on the new forms that shape the Do-It-Yourself movement nowadays.
Makerspaces, hackerspaces, fabLabs, techshops are some of them which, from the markets or their margins, redesign the borders of socioeconomic reality and experiment new ways of making social worlds. Makerspaces appeared spontaneously and maintained themselves for a long time. What then makes them arise?
Series: Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research
Do they continue previous forms of sociocultural or socioeconomic organizations? This suggests that they can play a significant role in the resilience of inhabitants after a crisis. But that would not explain why they maintain and sometimes even develop themselves then.
Despite contextual elements, past and present, it is therefore necessary to grasp the proper logic of development of these social forms and the way they produce their justifications: from new global hacker culture to local community education or working based learning.
Their references also could be very different depending on whatever they produce, recycle or fix.
The historic trends
Public policies now often encourage the creation and development of this kind of third places. In this case, we could then look at what is expected by local authorities. Makerspaces develop themselves by forming a dense but diversified network cluster? We can then try to understand what connects these different experiences, through space and time.
We could be interested in examining their trajectory, training course and experiences… Including in other networks, elsewhere.