Manual How Life Began: Evolutions Three Geneses

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It had its origin at Creation when God made the earth and everything on it in six days—and rested on the seventh day. If we look carefully at the biblical Creation account, it is very difficult to come to any other conclusion; but that Moses, the author, intended to describe literal, hour days. The Hebrew word, yom, has the same meaning as our English word day. In both languages the word can refer to literal days or it can refer to longer periods of time.

There are no exceptions. In the Creation account, yom is associated with day one, day two, day three, etc. Moses also makes use of the following expressions: evening and morning see Genesis , 8, 13, etc. He could hardly have made it more clear that he was referring to literal days. If each day in the Creation account is actually a long period of time, plants would have been created long before insects, since plants were created on the third day and insects were created on the fifth day. Yet many plants cannot survive without the pollination provided by insects. The clear intent of the biblical account is that each day of Creation week was a hour day.

If not, then the basis of the fourth commandment is wrong. The fourth commandment see Exodus says that the Sabbath is based on the Creation week when God created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day and blessed it. Evolution does not allow for a Sabbath that celebrates a Creator God who created our world in one week. Theistic evolution, the belief that God created through the process of evolution, has no reason for a weekly memorial of Creation. If the theory of progressive evolution from lower life forms to humans is true, there could be a biological basis for considering some human races inferior and others superior, because some races would have advanced further up the evolutionary scale than others.

All human beings are equal. All are children of God. All have the same origin. Racial intolerance has no basis for those who believe in Creation. Those who believe in evolution have reason to believe that some races are more highly developed than others. The idea of the gradual evolutionary development of living things until humans finally appear makes it difficult to understand sin and the origin of evil.

The fossil record gives much evidence of death, disease, predation, and cruelty—all supposedly taking place eons of time before Adam and Eve evolved and sinned. The Bible teaches that sin originated in the Garden of Eden when Adam and Eve disobeyed God see Genesis 3 and that death is the result of sin.

How Life Began Origins Nova Neil Degrasse Tyson

The Bible says that death is the penalty of sin see Genesis , 4, 19; Romans Jesus died on the cross to pay the penalty for sin that we should have paid. If the Creation narrative, including the origin of sin, is only myth or allegory, what is sin? Furthermore, if evolution involves the gradual, continuous improvement of the human race, the atonement of Jesus is quite unnecessary.

Given enough time, undesirable characteristics, physical weaknesses, social unrest etc. Even disease and dying could be overcome.

The origin of life—a fundamental mystery

History fails to support such improvements. Only through the power of God can human beings have a future of hope. Evolution makes no allowance for a world-wide flood. The concept of uniformity that has dominated evolutionary thought declares that the present is the key to the past. In other words, the gradual processes of nature that we currently see slowly eroding seashores, reducing the height of mountains, and shaping the course of rivers, etc.

Thus there is no need for a universal flood as described in the Bible. Yet Jesus clearly accepted Noah and the flood as historical fact see Matthew Jesus, Himself, accepts Creation as a literal historical event. If each day of Creation were a long, indefinite period of time, the Creation of humans, occurring as it did at the end of the sixth day of Creation, would not have been at the beginning of Creation, but after six long eons of time. If the Creation narrative is only an allegory, what about other parts of the Bible such as the translation of Elijah to heaven, Jonah and the big fish, and the miracles and resurrection of Jesus?

If we dismiss the accuracy of the biblical Creation account, we are free to dismiss other parts of Scripture and thus become the judge of what is or is not true in spite of what Jesus and the Bible authors say.

7 Theories on the Origin of Life

Also, according to animal and human development, all organisms start out life in the same form, eventually specializing into their specific species. One argument against fossil evidence is the idea that fossil dating could be inaccurate. Fossil dating is done using Carbon 14, but for it to be of value, the amount of C must have always been a constant. If the intensity of radiation specifically cosmic radiation differed in any way, then the C dating system would be flawed.

Scientists discovered fossils throughout the various layers of the earth according to the time period the organisms corresponded with. The bottom layers contained species associated with the beginning of the earth, while the top layers contain more recent and advanced species, especially mammals. Evolutionists feel that these findings strongly argue for evolution.

They feel that if God had created the earth and everything on it, all fossil remains would be mixed together. Creationists argue that the reason for the fossils being distributed the way they are is because of the Great Flood. Most of the time creationists avoid this topic because of the lack of evidence they have against it.

The controversy continues whether gradual evolution took place, and if it did occur, why was it not evident in fossil records. Another theory that some scientists are using to explain the beginning of the earth is the Big Bang Theory. Space, time, matter, and energy existed only after the Big Bang. The reasoning for this theory is based on our knowledge of how the universe is based on the analysis of electromagnetic radiation, providing data that shows the universe is expanding.

Two astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson detected cosmic microwave background radiation in the ground, which is later the primeval light and heat from the Big Bang. This heat and light provide the formula for the start of life. This theory has been controversial among the scientific community as well as the religious community, but it was substantial enough to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Another puzzling question that is brought up among evolutionists when debating with creationists is, what about the dinosaurs?

There is no place in the bible that talks about the dinosaur age, when these huge reptilian creatures roamed the earth without human interference and then suddenly disappeared. Paleontologists and archeologists estimate the dinosaurs to have lived around 65 million years ago, during the Cretaceous period. These large scale extinctions are due a companion star coming close to the sun, disrupting the orbits and causing comets and asteroids to hit the earth. Yet, another approach to the creation of the earth relates to how we view time.

In the Bible, each day is assigned a new creation, but is time today the same as it was at the time of Creation? Some scientists believe that each day of Creation is related to a geological time period. As one period began and developed, God added on to it, thus another day of creation. Each day or time period brings something new and different to the earth.


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The days of creation could be seen to humans as a hour day; it is easier for us to comprehend a day in a hour period rather than in millions or billions of years. The Bible in a sense took the easier way out to describe the story of creation to us. The Bible relates in the first thirty-one verses of Genesis the events that span around 16 billion years, from mere hundred words theologically to more than a million words scientifically. How human beings came to be on the earth is another big topic among evolutionists and creationists.

Eve was later made from the ribcage of Adam as a companion. Adam and Eve are the beginning of the human species race, and from them, all human beings descend. This is what separates us from any other species, for human beings have a soul, guided by God. The creation of Adam could be seen differently though depending on how one interprets the Bible. The making of Adam relates to the body. In the Hebrew language, the word adam is rooted in the word meaning soil. The creation of Adam refers to the human soul, the neshama.

Legends and biblical scholars would say that Adam was created at the age of twenty, but it could be possible for him to be made at an earlier age and lived for nineteen years without a soul. He became a human being at the age of twenty when God created him with neshama. There are several verses within the Bible Numbers , , Deuteronomy that teach at the age of twenty one becomes divinely responsible for their own actions.

Before the soul was given, there was something like a man, but not completely human. So one view could be that Adam was created at the age of twenty, and before his creation, he had evolved from the primate species. Evolutionists have a different view of how human beings came into the world, believing that we have evolved from other species, specifically the primates.

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How Life Began: Evolution’s Three Geneses, Meinesz, Simberloff

Fossil records have shown that Homo sapiens have evolved from four-legged creatures swinging through trees, to 2-legged creatures that walk the earth. Fossils of pre-historic humans show a remarkable resemblance to the primates, all the way from the jaw and forehead, to the torso and feet. Throughout time, evolution has adapted the human species into modern day human beings, making it possible to live in present-day times.

Language developed because of adaptation as the need presented itself. Creationism and evolution have two very different viewpoints of how the earth and human beings began. Creationism is based on the belief that the Bible is a credible source, which gives the story of Creation. In the span of six days 24 hour days , God created the heavens and the earth, the sun, moon, stars, and all of the creatures of the earth. Creationists believe that the earth is young, and that organisms are fixed, every organism that we see today is the same organism that God created a few thousands of years ago.

Adam and Eve are the beginning of the human race, and we are separated from every other species by the soul that God gave us. Creationists say that those who believe in evolution are immoral.