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Criteria of Authenticity | Theological Ramblings

Oral Tradition and the Gospels. Paradigm of Conversion in Luke. Luke and the Law, Paper. Christian Engagements with Judaism. Jesus the Meek King. JSNTSup Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, Stanley Porter briefly describes the development of five criteria for authenticity-- dissimilarity, coherence, multiple attestation, least distinctiveness, and Aramaic background-critiques the ways they are formulated and used, and then suggests three new criteria.

He first objects to the notion that there is a "third quest" for the historical Jesus and to the whole -first quest, no quest, new quest, third quest" scenario. In the second chapter, Porter traces the rise of the five criteria, and some of the criticisms lodged against them.

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He argues that the criterion of dissimilarity can only be used to prove something is historical, can only deal with content and not wording, and requires "exhaustive detailed knowledge of both Judaism and the early Church" p. He argues that multiple attestation tells us about common motifs but not absolute wording, and speaks only to the independence of documents and not to their reliability p.

Porter notes that coherence is very subjective, and that it actually argues in the opposite direction from dissimilarity, producing a sort of paradox of methods that many interpreters do not address pp. His most trenchant critique is of attempted retroversions into Aramaic, which he demonstrates is a very chancy procedure.


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  • Porter then turns to the works of John P. Meier and Gerd Theissen, since both have produced extended discussions of the criteria. He describes the way each defines the criteria, and then looks at specific proposals by each to refine them.

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    Very stimulating. I listened to this holding my new infant daughter in my wife's hospital room just hours after she gave birth.

    The Historical Jesus by Bart D. Ehrman: 03. Scholars Look At The Gospels

    She was resting. This was so much fun to listen to--I hadn't slept in two days but this woke me right up! A few thoughts: 1. I agree whole-heartedly with you about the fact that "embarrassment" is a problematic word. Your uses of Sanders' "against the grain" is excellent. Colin Brown has also used this as a criterion.

    If you haven't read that piece, you might want to check it out.

    Not too many scholars use Sanders' language, but I agree--it is better than "embarrassment". A growing number of scholars recognize "embarrassment" as just another form of "dissimilarity from Christianity". I think this is right.

    Criteria for Authenticity in Historical-Jesus Research

    See, e. Labahn and A. It seems that ancient Jews used the first line of a psalm as its title cf. Tamid That Mark has Jesus citing the first line from Psalm 22 suggests he is evoking the entire psalm. Since it ends with the psalmist being rescued vv. How is that embarrassing? You seem to suggest that historians can dig out the historical from the "interpretations" of the evangelists. But as many, e. Are you suggesting there is "uninterpreted" core?